Circadian rhythm and effects of sleeplessness

Sleep deprivation or lack of sleep has a number of after effects even if it is for a short period of time. And if this problem becomes a prolonged phenomenon, it is usually chronic and on a long term basis, it adversely affects your lifestyle and your health is affected.

In this write up, causes of sleeplessness has been discussed. In other words, if you have been wondering why you stay awake all night and this has been happening to you for a long time now, the paragraphs below might be of some help to you.

Also, exercising, maintaining a balanced diet, relaxing with yoga and meditation, and deep breathing exercises ought to be a healthy individual’s fitness goals that will ensure that you lead a healthy life. This will in turn enable you to face the challenges that life will offer. So, read on to know what it is.

Circadian rhythm and normal sleep pattern

One of the primary causes of less sleep is that you tend to stay up late until midnight and you feel sleepy the next day. Under such circumstances, you tend to feel sleepy throughout the day. Circadian rhythm is responsible for regulating the sleep and wake up cycles aside from regulating the hormonal secretions.

The tendency to stay up until late night usually increases with age and is pronounced around puberty or adolescence. Homeostatic sleep drive is responsible for letting the individual feel the urge or need to sleep as the period of staying up prolongs.

It has been observed that adults have a deferred circadian rhythm as they prefer to retire to bed late as a result of which the circadian rhythm is delayed. Basically, a normal circadian period is 24.1 hours.

Effects of lack of sleep

Prolonged periods of sleeplessness or less sleep than required can have many side effects some of which have been discussed below.

  • Emotional problems

It has been observed that individuals that do not get adequate sleep suffer emotionally. Depression, mood swings, irritability, anxiety, stress, anger, hopelessness, and low self esteem are few of the problems faced by these individuals.

  • Prone to Type II diabetes

Studies have revealed that if you don’t get enough sleep, the amount of insulin that is released is also affected. This eventually affects your blood sugar level and you become susceptible to Type II diabetes over a period of time.

  • Immunity

In order to stay healthy, it is important that you get adequate sleep. This will in turn help all the bodily functions to work normally. Lack of sleep also means that your immune system is at stake. This increases your susceptibility to bacterial and viral attacks. Since your immunity is at stake, you are more likely to fall sick frequently.

  • Hypertension

You must have heard medical practitioners urging individuals to have a good night’s sleep in case the blood pressure is elevated. A normal sleep pattern does not cause elevation of blood pressure. But if you are not getting adequate sleep, you have to be ready to pop in those hypertension pills sooner.

The effects of not having adequate sleep have been mentioned above. There are yet others that can require urgent medical attention.