The skin is the largest organ of the body and yet most of us don’t do enough to maintain our skin’s health. Most of us spend millions on body products every month, but are they buying the right ones? How much do you really know about what your skin needs, what type of skin you have, what kind of soaps and lotions are the best for your skin?
SKIN TYPES AND ITS CARE
Beautiful skin =loads of compliments=heads turning around!!!!!
Every individual has his/her own skin type. It depends on genetic, environmental and hereditary factors. Diet plays and important role. Occupation affects the type of skin too. For example a journalist who stays outdoors most of the time have to face the harsh sun and hence would require more of sun screen based moisturizer and a good cleanser.
Similarly a person sitting in an air-conditioned office may develop dry skin as cool air causes depletion of moisture from the skin thus making it tight and stretched. In this case a good creamy moisturizer and a cold cream at night is a must to maintain the glow.
It is important to find your own skin type so that you can select the right products to be used on your skin.
There are four categories of skin: Normal skin, dry skin, oily skin, combination skin (dry and oily) and “T-Zone”.
1. Normal Skin: This type of skin is smooth in texture, elastic and supple with balanced proportion of oil and water. This type of skin is translucent and glows! It has tiny pores. Normal skin needs good care to maintain its velvety touch and glow.
SKIN CARE RECOMMENDED: Use a face scrub, which will remove any dead cells developed, then use a mild face wash to maintain the oil and water balance. A toner should be used followed by a mild moisturizer, which includes UVA/UVB sunscreen and antioxidant protection.
2. Dry Skin: This skin feels tight and stretched after a wash. It is flaky and develops wrinkles and lines at an early stage. Dry skin has less amount of moisture and sebum.
Skin care Recommended: It needs a good moisturizer in the daytime and a good night cream as well. Night cream is very important as the skin is relaxed and rejuvenates faster than in daytime.
Oily Skin: This type of skin is greasy and prone to pimples, black heads, and white heads as it gathers dry dirt from the surrounding environment. Sebaceous glands secrete more sebum than required hence making the skin oily. This skin looks younger when you get old as it retains the moisture which otherwise gets depleted with age.
SKIN CARE RECOMMENDED: Oily skin requires thorough cleansing very regularly to remove the dirt, which stick to the oily surface. Use a gentle foam face wash that removes excess dirt. Next step is to use an astringent and then a very light moisturizer. At night wash your face again with an astringent followed by minimum quantity of light moisturizer.
Combination for dry and oily skin type with a “T-Zone”: As the name suggests this type of skin is a combination of dry patches and oily patches. Forehead, chin and nose are oily whereas the rest of the area feels dry. Oily patches develop black heads, white heads and spots.
SKIN CARE RECOMMENDED: Use a strong astringent on oily areas. Use a mild moisturizer concentrating more on dry patches. At night apply moisturizer on dry areas.
Sensitive Skin: Sensitive skin feels irritable, scratchy, itchy and forms redness when exposed to harsh environmental conditions like temperature above 28 degree Celsius or temperature below 10degree Celsius.
SKIN CARE RECOMMENDED: Avoid using soaps or face wash. Stay away from strong chemical products as they might cause irritation. Wash your face with plenty of fresh water. Use a mild, unperformed moisturizer, a sunscreen lotion and a good cold cream at night.
Freckles are brown spots on face especially on nose and cheeks which common in individuals with fair complexion. They might be as small as a pinhead or slightly bigger. They can be round or flat. Melanocytes are cells located in the lowest layer of our skin called epidermis. Melanocytes produce pigment called melanin, which is secreted when skin gets exposed to sun to protect the skin from ultra violet rays. Uneven distribution of melanin causes its excessive secretion in some patches resulting in formation of brown spots known as freckles. They might get reduced when exposed to cold weather but increase when skin gets exposed to high temperature. As a result in some cases freckles may fade away completely in winters and gradually return in summers. Freckles also fade away with age. Tanning causes rapid increase in production of melanin thus causing increased number of freckles around cheeks and on nose.
MYTH: FRECKLES ARE CANCEROUS
No, freckles are not cancerous. They are just a form of pigmentation due to over production of melanin in the skin. Most of the times it is difficult to distinguish between freckles and brown spots. Visit a dermatologist before going in for any kind of treatment to know whether the appeared pigmentation are freckles or brown spots. Brown spots can be pre cancerous or cancerous.
Treatments suggested for freckles: Laser treatment can be opted for as the freckles melanin pigment absorbs the rays of laser light easily thus fading away slowly.
Sun Screen – As exposure to the sun is the prime reason behind the occurrence of frecklesFree Articles, it gets mandatory to wear a strong sunscreen lotion to avoid the ultra violet rays from penetrating into the epidermal layer of the skin.
Cryosurgery: Though this method is not very often used for removal of freckles but in some cases individuals have been seen opting for this surgery. Liquid nitrogen is applied on the affected areas with a pray gun or a cotton tip. But sometimes it causes appearance of permanent white spots due to long and direct contact with nitrogen.
Bleaching creams: Bleaching creams can be used to minimize freckles on the skin. Problem related with the use of bleaching creams is that it bleaches the entire skin thus resulting in same colour difference between the pigmented skin and normal skin. Retin-A is recommended to minimize the occurrence of freckles as it tends to normalize the pigmentation.